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The dangers of volcanoes

Guidelines and instructions to prevent the dangers of volcanoes

Volcanoes are vents that allow magma, vapors, gases, and other substances to escape to release heat stored in the earth's interior and internal pressure. And when the materials push outward, they cause a massive eruption or explosion, which poses a great danger to lives and property, especially those who suffer from respiratory diseases such as asthma, as volcanoes are accompanied by some gases and volcanic ash. Therefore, the following precautions must be followed:

First, tips and instructions before a volcano occur

  • Prepare and make the necessary equipment for volcanic hazards.
  • Follow up on news, various media, and weather forecasts when alerts or warnings are received about the possibility of volcanic activity.
  • Get out of the area as quickly as possible and if that is not possible, stay inside a safe location with all windows and openings closed.
  • View the instructions and instructions of the Civil Defense and the latest developments through the official media and the website of the General Directorate of Civil Defense (www.998.gov.sa) and on their accounts on social media.
  • Keep Calm
  • Listen to the warnings and instructions issued by the official authorities through the various media.
  • Stay inside the house, and in the event of an evacuation request by the Civil Defense, you must follow the instructions and go to the designated shelter and not strive so as not to be in danger.
  • Entering the shelter, avoiding the risk of escaping, and not leaving the place without an order from the concerned authority.
  • Ensure the cleanliness of water and food.
  • Shut off energy sources (gas, electricity, water) before leaving the house.
  • Taking the safe paths recommended by the official authorities, not taking risks, and avoiding valley streams and low-lying areas.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • When there is a cloud of ash or volcanic dust, goggles and a dust mask should be worn, or the nose and mouth should be covered with wet tissue.
  • While driving the car, the windows should be closed and the air conditioning should be turned on at an appropriate temperature if necessary, and go to the nearest safe place as directed by the concerned authorities.
  • Make sure that doors and windows are closed tightly.
  • If the car breaks down and danger approaches, it must be abandoned and resorted to the nearest safe place.
  • Follow up on news, various media, and weather bulletins to know the end of the situation and the disappearance of danger.
  • Cooperating with the concerned authorities and listening to their directions.
  • Inspect the people present and provide first aid in case there are injured or seek help from the concerned authorities.
  • Clean the surfaces of dust and ash, bearing in mind that ash is very heavy and can cause the building to collapse.