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Earthquake Hazards

Guidelines for the prevention of seismic hazards (earthquakes)

Earthquakes happen without warning, and it is important to take the necessary precautionary measures, so a person must be aware of how to act and make the necessary preparations before an earthquake occurs. When earthquakes occur, most of the risks arising from earthquakes are due to partial collapse of buildings, rubble, and falling objects such as falling bricks and ceilings.

First, instructions and instructions for how to behave safely during earthquakes

  • Prepare and make the necessary equipment for earthquake risks.
  • You must remain calm until the shaking stops and make sure that the exit is safe
  • Hiding under a desk or table or next to an interior wall, and in the event that there is no desk or table in the place, the face and head must be covered with arms and bend in an interior corner of the building, keeping away from glass, windows, doors, external walls and anything that may fall such as furniture.
  • Stay indoors until the tremor is over and only go out when it is safe, bearing in mind that the elevator is not used because of the possibility of electrical failure due to the earthquake.
  • Go to the nearest safe place with caution, and stay away from buildings, trees, lighting lamps, and wires.
  • Stop as permitted by the safety limits on the side of the road and stay inside the vehicle, and do not stop near or under buildings, trees, bridges and wires.
  • Do not drive through damaged bridges even after the earthquake has stopped.

Secondly, instructions and instructions in the case of detention under the rubble

  • Put a handkerchief or a piece of cloth over the mouth.
  • Do not light a fire or a match.
  • Don't move around a lot or raise dust.
  • Clicking on pipes or the wall to alert the rescue teams or using a whistle if any, and considering screaming as the last resort, as screaming causes people to inhale harmful amounts of dust.

Third, instructions and instructions after the earthquake stop

  • Searching for the injured and giving them first aid, not moving seriously injured people unless they are exposed to additional danger, and asking for help from the competent authorities.
  • Prepare for aftershocks (occurring several minutes later). These aftershocks are usually less violent than the main tremor but strong enough to cause additional damage and weaken buildings.
  • Follow up on news reports and developments on the emergency situation.
  • Wear appropriate footwear when passing through areas of rubble or broken glass.
  • Inspect the hose for cracks and damage, especially around the walls.
  • Extinguishing small fires if possible, and if this is not possible, you must leave the house immediately, inform the competent authorities and warn the neighbors.
  • Inspect the power sockets (electricity, gas, water) with caution and not to use matches or cause sparks that contribute to ignition during a gas leak while working to close the main valve in the event of a leak.
  • Shut off the power sockets while they are damaged in the house before leaving and seek help from specialists to address this.
  • Clean up medication, spilled fuel, and any other flammable liquids.
  • Checking food and water supplies, and in the event of a water outage, emergency water is used in heaters and melted ice cubes, and expired foods must be disposed of.
  • Not to use the car except in an emergency and not to go to see the affected areas so as not to cause obstruction to relief operations and to keep the roads clear of emergency vehicles.​